Essay on The Apartheid Of The African National Congress

1876 Words Dec 16th, 2016 8 Pages
On January 8th 1912, chiefs, representatives of people’s and church organizations, and other prominent individuals gathered in Bloemfontein and formed the African National Congress. The ANC declared its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms. In its early days, the Congress focused on a strategy of peaceful constitutional protests as it struggled to incorporate the views of the Africans to into colonial society. This strategy was heavily influenced by Christian policies and was very moderate. The reliance on persuasion and petitions to British officials by the leaders of the ANC did not yield much. Consequently, their influence over the people waned as the years passed and by the 1930s the Congress seemed a spent force.
Dr. Xuma took over the presidency mantle in 1940 and the ANC obtained a new organizational impetus. The leadership was still uneasy with mass politics but they began to develop contacts with unions and bus boycotts . A younger generation of students became galvanized by the changing political and social conditions of the 1940s and infused a youthful energy into the organization. They were aware of the surge of national protest in colonized countries such as Ghana and Nigeria, the moves toward Indian independence and a promised war for democracy. These students who included Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Oliver Tambo were spurred by the spirited protests over bus fare increases and the huge black…

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