Essay on The And Its Effects On Society

819 Words Feb 15th, 2016 4 Pages
At the first several decades when the umma was established in Arabia, the society was less chaotic than before, but it was not stable enough. Due to the harsh natural environment, previously divided political and religious circumstances, and lack of discipline, there were still unstable factors that would do harm to the harmony of the newly formed society. There were robbers plundering food and money, licentious people indulgent in sex, discontented people planning to divide the umma and thus hold political power, Jews and Christians in the umma holding different beliefs (Mckay et al. 233). Disciplines and rules were imperative at such time. However, although it was necessary to restrict people’s desire and behavior, over suppression could also lead to opposition and thus make it worse. So, how could Muhammad and his followers regulate the behavior of people to keep the umma intact without provoking their antagonistic psychology? The solution was to find the equilibrium to maintain the social order when they set up rules, a midpoint between indulgence and asceticism. In other words, it required some restrictions of people’s mind and behavior, but at the same time, the rules should also offer some freedom to them. Only in this way could the umma maintain stable and firm. We could find the evidence how the early Islam achieved such equilibrium from the regulations of people’s possessions, love, ritual, and belief. First, people were allowed to possess money and…

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