The And Early Renaissance Era Essay

818 Words 4 Pages
Giotto di Bondone, of Florence, and Jan van Eyck, of Bruges were both revolutionary artist during the Late Gothic and Early Renaissance era (c. 1300-1500). However, each artist had incredibly different styles and utilized different mediums that they would later become known for. Giotto lived and worked in Florence during a period when religious subjects and styles had been laid down by centuries of tradition. As the first artist to depict human emotion, his influence put Western art on a path to the Renaissance. Jan van Eyck was one of the first Flemish artist to sign his artwork and his rich oil paints and detailed images reflect the prosperity of the cities of Flanders in Northern Europe. Comparison of the two artists will be done on one of their popular works of art. First, Giotto di Bondone, Lamentation, Arena Chapel (Cappella Scorvegni), Padua, Italy, ca. 1305, Fresco and then Jan van Eyck, The Arnolfini Portrait, National Gallery, London, UK, ca. 1434, Oil and Wood. A full understanding of the iconography, patronage, personal/regional style, and medium of these works can almost give a complete understanding of their period. Florence, Italy in the 1300’s was a bustling self governed city state. They later became an oligarchy well known for their trade in wool and (silk) textiles. As the economy grew stronger so did the city’s culture. There quickly became more of a demand for the arts because of these cultured Florentine citizens. Florentine businessmen were important…

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