The Allusions To Paradise Lost In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

1874 Words 8 Pages
“No father had watched my infant days, no mother had blessed me with smiles and caresses; or if they had, all my past life was now a blot,a blind vacancy in which I distinguished nothing”(Pg.109) The theme found throughout Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein is the dark, isolated,and dangerous feeling of being abandoned. Whether it be when Victor 's father disowns him, when his mother 's dies so he doesn’t have anyone to talk to, or when he decides to dedicate his life to something with no human contact only focusing on work which takes a huge mental toll on Victor to something that he immediately abandons. That creation also has noticeable complications when he is abandoned eventually going on a murderous rampage which is caused by abandonment. …show more content…
Mary Shelley’s novel starts and ends, not with Victor, but with these letters addressed to this man named Roberts sister. These letters chronicle Robert who is on a ship that is going to discover new places that have yet to be found. On Robert 's journey he runs into our main character Victor who is found distraught and frightened. In the background a huge bulging statue of a man is spotted and it is assumed that Victor has been running from. These letters lead into Victor 's story but the allusions can be found before Victor is ever introduced. “I try in vain to be persuaded that the pole is the seat of frost and desolation:” (Page 1) On just the first page of the novel there is already an allusion to Paradise Lost and there is plenty more to come. Some might say that this is an allusion to Prometheus due to the cold weather, but they would be mistaken. In John Milton 's Paradise Lost, hell is described as being a freezing cold environment similar to Robert’s situation on the boat being in a freezing cold environment. The journey is so cold that “when no exercise prevents the blood from actually freezing in your veins” (page 3) Similar to hell the conditions are cold and miserable. The Prometheus argument is invalid due to this being a direct correlation to the description of hell. Robert doesn’t beg or hope for warmth he just describes the conditions. If Robert was to …show more content…
Victor’s dabbles in science leads him to create life from death, This part of the book is very Prometheus, I would argue the only part of the book that is Prometheus, but it 's only half a page of muddled and confusing description of the monster. The creation is the only allude to Prometheus the rest is all allusions to Paradise Lost the whole book follows the storyline of Satan in both Victor and through his creation. “The beauty of the dream vanished, and breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.”(page 43) Just like his father did to him and God did to Satan victor immediately disowns his creations without even trying to give him a chance. The immediate dis ownership is dangerous for the mind of Victor and monster. Victor becoming disowned by caused him to go on a obsessive descent into chemistry and this deadly fascination of bringing the dead back to life. That obsession then brought the monster to life which ruined Victor’s life, with death after death of people close to him Victor slowly spirals into a descent of madness. “You have been ill, very ill.” (Page 50) In Milton’s Paradise Lost after being abandoned and lost Satan 's appearance begins to change into this horrifying creature who has no mercy for anyone at all, this is caused by the sadness and hatred of being abandoned by God. The same descent into evil is seen in Victor and in the Monster, when Victor is disowned by

Related Documents