Child-Parent Psychotherapy

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The literature review section of the Las Cumbres evaluation focuses on how the effectiveness of the CIP and BH programs desired to promote healthy relationships between children with early traumatic experiences and their primary caregivers. Scholars have studied how certain childhood experiences negatively influence the lives of these children, affecting their well-being from childhood all the way to adulthood. Thus, scholars have stressed the importance of early treatment in order to ensure that every child gets a chance at a healthy, successful life.

The science of child development in child welfare system.
Scholars at the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University takes a broad and basic approach to why investing in treating children
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have similar findings to Felitti et al. for they focus on how to treat those that have experienced traumatic events as a young child. Their approach is different because they reanalyze data from a previous study on whether child-parent psychotherapy (CPP) is effective for the development of children with traumatic and stressful life events (2011). Their sample was small, 75 preschooler survivors of domestic violence and their mothers. There was a control group and a comparison group and the participants were randomly assigned to a group. They learn that high-risk children (with four or more traumatic and stressful life events) in the control group, improved their PTSD and depression symptoms, diagnosis, and overall behaviors compared to the comparison group. They do not focus their paper on the low-risk children (less than four traumatic and stressful life events), but, they did notice that even the low-risk child participants show improvements in decreasing symptoms of PTSD. Additionally, mothers of high-risk children did better because their PTSD and depression symptoms decreased compared to the comparison group. The useful finding in this specific study was the sustained improvements of the participants even six months after treatments. The overall contribution of this article to the literature is the promoting of psycho-therapy between children and their primary caregivers. Ippen et al. emphasizes the impact that involvement of a parent in child’s treatment …show more content…
Like Ippen et al., he promotes the involvement of the important adults in the lives of children by “strengthening the capabilities of the caregivers and addressing the material needs of their families” (2013). The authors do acknowledge that this is a challenging task to do because programs have primarily focused on the children and to change this requires major reforms that some programs might not be willing to take. The article calls for a new approach that adopts fully integrated, two generational programs that encourage people to take risks even there is a probability that they will fail. The article advocates for such change because the authors believe that there are lessons and new information to gain from taking risks and this is enough to create new thinking leading to advantageous innovations. The motivation behind such call for reforms is that Shonkoff and Fischer currently see little progress to help vulnerable children and caregivers and they call the community to take a different approach that might be more effective.

Conclusion
The works in this literature mainly stress the similar point: early childhood events matter in the development of children and can have an impact in their lives even when they become adults. The earlier the treatment, the better, thus programs that help both children and their caregivers

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