The advantages and disadvantages of probation and parole Essay

1160 Words May 23rd, 2014 5 Pages
The advantages and disadvantages of probation and parole

What is probation? Probation is a court order sentencing that consist of the defendant to either serve or complete the remaining sentence of imprisonment in a supervised community. The defendant that’s assigned to completing a probation sentence will be under supervision of an officer of the court; which are referred to as a Probation Officer. Probation is one of the most common criminal sentencing processes in the United States. A probation sentence generally allows most defendant to remain free in society while under supervision of their Probation Officer. Those who are court ordered to probation are given specific court orders such as, maintaining good behavior, paying a fine,
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In cases where the defendant is granted parole they will be reunited with their families. Sometimes, defendants that are family oriented can be affected by being taken away from their families; such as wives, husbands, mothers, fathers, kids and grandkids. For defendants on probation or parole this opportunity will allow him/her to stay focused of not getting in trouble and abiding by the rules of the law.
Community service is offered to the defendants as an advantage because it allows the defendant to take advantage of the services that are offered to them through the community. Services that are offered; consist of psychological therapy, substance-abuse counseling, financial services, support groups, church outreach programs and social services (Schmalleger pg.386). Some of these programs are offered to them in jail but attended the programs while out in society allows the defendant gain some responsibility of staying out of trouble and remain focus.
When speaking of the disadvantages of a defendant receiving a probation sentence or being approved for parole can have some downfalls to the process one of which can be relative lack of punishment. Relative lack of punishment, meaning that in cases of probation is the sentence ordered by the judge it could be seen as no punishment at all because the defendant will remain in society but under

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