Essay about The 1964 Civil Rights Act

1012 Words May 28th, 2016 null Page
Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act brought about two chief concepts of illegal discrimination. These concepts are disparate treatment and disparate impact (Harper, 2016). This section of the Civil Rights Act makes it unlawful for an employer to discriminate against an employee based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Individuals cannot lawfully be denied employment opportunities or have their employment adversely affected merely because of their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin (EEOC Website, 2016).
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal to discriminate against an employee or potential employee and enforced the legal theory of disparate treatment. Disparate treatment exists when an employee is treated less favorable than other employees by their employer due to their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. The matter in question is whether or not the employer’s actions were motivated by discriminatory intent. In disparate treatment cases employees or applicants must prove that the practice of the employer was intentionally discriminatory and an employer must show that they had a legitimate reason for the practice. An example of disparate treatment would be if an employer was paying a woman less to perform the same job as a man (shrm.org).
An example of disparate treatment is Desert Palace, Inc., dba Caesars Palace Hotel & Casino v. Costa. The decision by the United States Supreme Court in this case clears up the…

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