The 13th, 14th, And 15th Amendment Of The Civil War Amendments

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The ‘Civil War’ Amendments
The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were all deemed to be the Civil War amendments. In the US Constitution, the 13th Amendment abolished slavery & involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, by the House on January 31, 1865, and adopted by the States on December 6, 1865. On December 18, 1865, Secretary of State William H. Seward proclaimed it to have been enacted. It was the first of the three Reconstruction Amendments adopted following the American Civil War. As a part of this amendment, neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except in the punishment for a crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or
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Grant was in office when the 15th Amendment was ratified. It overturned the preexisting statute prohibiting African-American citizens of the United States from suffrage; furthermore, any previous station of servitude or slavery undertaken by any individual was immaterial with regard to the right to vote. The first African-American to participate in an election was Thomas Mundy Peterson; he participated in a school board election taking place in Perth Amboy, New Jersey - the vote took place on March 31st, 1870. Despite the passing of the 15th Amendment, many Southern states undertook a mandatory poll tax with regard to the provision of suffrage to individuals of all races and creeds; as its name suggests, a poll tax was instituted in order to validate an individual 's right to vote subsequent to the payment of the tax - poll taxes were typically instituted with regard to specific races and socioeconomic classes in lieu of an institution based on property and possessions. The Dred Scott v. Sandford case mandated that African Americans - regardless of citizenship or applicable grandfather clauses - were ineligible to enjoy the freedoms and rights expressed within the Constitution of the United States. Although failing to receive unanimous ratification, the 15th Amendment has since received and shared ratification from all applicable states. The 15th Amendment - in addition to the 13th and 14th Amendments - is categorized as one of the 3 Constitutional …show more content…
In 1957, Congress finally managed to pass a limited Civil Rights Act, which it added to in 1960, but these bills offered black Americans only modest gains. But once the historic March on Washington took place in 1963, Congress took no time creating a comprehensive civil rights bill for passage by Congress. It would have been a great honor to stand next to those who fought daily for the rights of African Americans, especially Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and watch as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 is signed into law. Following President Kennedy’s assassination that previous November in Dallas, which was a great loss to everyone, it was known at that point that change was imminent and this brought hope to so many. President Lyndon B. Johnson, who immediately took up the cause, showed everyone that there was still power in the corner of the African Americans and that he would be a great ally. "Let this session of Congress be known as the session which did more for civil rights than the last hundred sessions combined," Johnson said in his first State of the Union address. Witnessing a time like this would allow many, self-included, to be a part a movement that was so much bigger than us as

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