Early in the 1800’s American History, there were two different economical and cultural activities. The north created the industrial economy and the south depended on agricultural plantation. The development of textile industries in the north and in Europe led the high demand of cotton production and then slavery became more important source of manpower to the southerners. While the northern believe slavery as immoral and non-religious act to be abolished, Christianity in Southern America was wrongly defined to legalize the establishment and extension of slavery and a protector for the slaveholders’ inhumane practices. The slaveholders in the South forged the biblical fact that Ham was cursed and thus he should serve his brothers. They give
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Auld, who has been in weaving industry profession and never had own slave before, to slaveholder Christianity and how it dehumanizes and diverts her “heavenly qualities” in to “cruel” and “violent” personality, which finally let’s her to believe in treating the black slaves as human being is wrong. Douglass draws Captain Auld’s attending of “Methodist camp meeting” (380) and describes his hopes if the biblical teaching will change him to accept the emancipation of slavery but after conversion to the slaveholder’s religion, it made him not more “kind and Humane,” but rather “more cruel and hateful.” Captain Auld is Douglass’s another thematic character in the narration to support his disapproval of southern pseudo-Christianity teaching.
Besides using as a tool to justify slavery, Christianity in slaveholder southerners was used as religious support to defend their inhumane treatment of slaves. When Douglass clearly witnesses the cruel and cowardly religious slaveholder’s belief, he writes:
“I assert most unhesitatingly, that the religion of the south is a mere covering for the most horrid crimes,--a justifier of the most appalling barbarity,--a sanctifier of the most hateful frauds,--and a dark shelter under, which the darkest, foulest, grossest, and most infernal deeds of slaveholders find the strongest protection”(398)
It is witnessed in this point that the