Technological Breakthroughs During The Civil War

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The Civil War, government support, and technological breakthroughs were the reasons why America’s industrialization expanded. During the Civil War there was a high demand for food, clothing, shoes, weapons, and other commodities. The government offed big contracts to those suppliers which in turn fueled farmers and manufactures. Congress offered generous incentives to the Union Pacific Railroad and Central Pacific Railroad to expand railroad tracks, and the government were also big supporters of scientific training and research. The need to transfer perishable goods to soldiers during the Civil War led to the creation of refrigerated railroad cars, and then abundance of technological breakthroughs.

The leaders of the Industrial Revolution were the producers of the railroads, steel, and petroleum, as they created a corporate society. The federal government supported the railroad development and by the end of 1915 there were more than 250,000 tracks. The railroad demand steel to complete its project which led to a boom in the steel industry. Sir Henry Bessemer invented the way to convert large quantities of iron into steel using hot hair, but Andrew Carnegie monopolized the industry. He used vertical integration to dominate the making of steel. Petroleum was used as a machine lubricant and a source of illumination. However, in 1855, Professor Benjamin Silliman discovered the use of kerosene (a byproduct of crude oil – unrefined petroleum) was an even more powerful illuminant. The led entrepreneurs to rush to find greater supplies of crude oil, and John D. Rockefeller eventually dominated the oil industry.
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Three decades after 1860, the number of patents grew to 144,000. The most notable is the invention of the light bulb, the motion picture camera, microphone, phonograph, the elevator, the typewriter, and the

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