Taiwan Relations Case Study

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This essay will be focused on the development of China-Taiwan relations from 1987 to the present and some main factors affecting the development of the two in the near future. China is the People’s Republic of China (PRC) which is governed by the China Communist Party and Taiwan is the Republic of China (ROC) which practice a democratic system. There are different aspects of the developments, including political, diplomatic, military, economic and social, which will interact with each other. From 1949 to 1986, there were only limited connection between the two places because people were not allowed to visit the other places and this is due to the 3 Nos Policy by Chiang Ching Kuo who was the president of the Republic of China. The below parts …show more content…
In 1987, Chiang Ching Kuo decided to allow citizens who have relatives on the mainland to visit them based on the traditional ethical and humanitarian considerations (Choi & Wong, 2011). This symbolized an important step to improve the China-Taiwan relations in social aspect. Since then, the trend of people’s flow between these two places increases (Rosen & Wang, 2011). In 1991, Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS) and Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF) were established in Beijing and Taipei respectively in. Both associations aim to promote peaceful development of cross-strait stability and prosperity and are focused on the China-Taiwan relations in political, economic and social aspects. From 1991 to the present, numerous meetings have been held between these two associations. The first meeting, also known as the Wang Koo meeting, was held in 1993 and several agreements were signed. From then on, the official connection between China and Taiwan has been set up. By negotiation, the three links, which is the open up transportation, postal and trade links between China and Taiwan, have been established step by step (Young, 2011). In 2008, the first travel tour from mainland visited Taiwan (Fan, 2011). Then, an individual travel scheme has been introduced in 2011(Chan, 2011). To conclude, the relations between China and Taiwan in social aspect has been improved from 1987 to the …show more content…
In 1987, as Chiang Ching Kuo approved the Taiwanese to visit their relatives in China, the 3 Nos policy was no longer strict. Since the ARATS and SEF has been found in 1991, a significant meeting has been held in Hong Kong in the later year and this lead to the famous 1992 Consensus. The main point of the 1992 Consensus is both mainland China and Taiwan insist the one China principle (Zuo, 2014). However, Lee Teng Hui argued that the China-Taiwan relations is a state-to-state relation in 1999 and then Chan Shui Bian declared that Taiwan was a sovereign independent country in 2002 and proposed “4 Wants and 1 Without” in 2007 (Chu, 2015). This halted the improvement of political relations between China and Taiwan. After Chan has stepped down, Ma Ying Jeou has become the president of Taiwan and he emphasized the facticity and importance of the 1992 Consensus (Chan & Young, 2012). This alleviated the political tension between China and Taiwan. Meanwhile, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) insists that the 1992 Consensus does not exist (Lam, 2012). All in all, the China-Taiwan relations in politic aspects is affected by the Taiwan’s

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