Case Study: Understanding Syria

Decent Essays
Understanding Syria

Background

President: Bashar al-Assad: Elected. Assad overtook his father as president, but his father had seized power in a coup.
Capital: Damascus

To understand Syria is to recognise a highly divided country. Ethnic groups and their religious practices are diverse. Islam is primarily divided into two denominations within Syria, Shia, and Sunni. Sunni Muslims make up the majority of the population. Much of the government practice a branch of Shia Islam and are called the Alawites. Alawites are a religious minority but occupy many positions of power. There is also a Kurdish, Jewish and Christian population, amongst others.

Why Did Syrian’s Protest? How Did It All Begin?

In the latter stages of the Arab Spring,
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1) The first group consists of Sunni Muslims, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Jordan, The United Kingdom, The United States and France (to name a few).

Turkey is supportive of Sunni civilians, but also wants to quash any hopes the Kurdish people have of an uprising, this is based on centuries of oppression and the wish to prevent political or state Kurdish independence. Kurdish people are ethnic minorities in a vast amount of countries but are populous in Iran, Syria, Turkey and Iraq. So, whilst Turkey is allied with Kurdish people, in the plight against the government and IS, it is also bombing
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UN figures show there are over 6.5 million IDPs, and at least 1.2 million homes have been destroyed. Guillaume Charron, a monitoring expert at the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center, told The WorldPost that many from Syria’s internally displaced population were also economically disadvantaged prior to the conflict. This exacerbates their problems once they are forced to flee. IDPs are usually people who want to leave the country, but cannot. Reasons can be due to expensive transport and smuggler fees or identification documents being lost in

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