Essay about Syphilis Is A Sexually Transmitted Disease

974 Words Aug 17th, 2015 4 Pages
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that affects millions of people, worldwide. It is a highly transmittable, yet very treatable disease. If left untreated, syphilis can cause damage to the heart and central nervous system and become potentially fatal. Despite efforts to control the disease, about 56,000 new cases are reported each year in the United States. Syphilis is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. The bacterium is spread through direct contact with a syphilitic sore, also known as a chancre. Mothers can transmit the disease to their babies in utero, or even during child birth. This is referred to as congenital syphilis. Congenital syphilis can lead to stillbirth, physical deformity, or neurological problems. Because of the damaging effects of syphilis on newborns, pregnant women should be screened for the disease. Those most at risk of syphilis infection include women of child bearing age, sexually active teenagers, prisoners, prostitutes, and abusers of drugs and alcohol. Individuals already infected with another STD, such as HIV/AIDS, are also at an increased risk of infection. Unlike many other infectious diseases, initial infection does not confer lifelong immunity. A person may acquire a syphilis infection multiple times. Early symptoms of syphilis can be minor, or even unnoticeable. Small open sores called chancres begin to form on or inside the genitals, the eyelids,…

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