Synovial Joint Case Studies

Synovial joint consists of a joint capsule, a joint cavity and a layer of cartilage over the ends of two joining bones. These joints are lined with synovial fluid. The articular cartilage over the joint ends absorbs jolts as it acts like elastic and it also provides a smooth surface for the joints to move frictionlessly. This fluid also helps in lubricating and protecting the bones.

Cartilage is softer and much more flexible than a bone. The major role of cartilage is to form a model for later growth of the skeleton bone. It cushions and protects the bones from rubbing against each other in a joint.

Osteoporosis is when the holes and spaces in the bone honeycomb get much bigger than a normal bone. The large holes make the bones thinner and very fragile. This occurs when an excessive amount of protein and calcium loss
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Fragility fracture because of old age and less calcium. Signs can include height loss and curvature of the spine that occur slowly over time and also joint stiffness.

Risk factors linked to the development of osteoporosis are age; women are more likely to get. Old age is also a contributing factor and also family history if your parents had a hip fracture. Calcium deficiency for a long time also contributes to osteoporosis. Lifestyle choices do contribute to this as well like people who have less movement.

Osteoporosis can be diagnosed after weakened bones have led to a fracture. Your GP may refer you for a bone mineral density scan if you are at the risk of developing. Bone x-ray can also be done to diagnose this. They may also do a history check on peoples’ lifestyle. Physical examination of reduction in height.
Complications in elderly person are like blood clots in your legs and lungs Lack of movement also cause bedsores and further loss of muscle mass, increasing the risk of falls and inquiry. They can also suffer from urinary tract infection and

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