Symptoms And Treatments Of Rare Disorders Essay

1466 Words Sep 28th, 2014 6 Pages
Rare disorders are commonly misunderstood. Many have believed that certain diseases and their symptoms were linked to the supernatural. For example, vampirism, or the Vampire Disease described people that shared similar characteristics of what we now call the porphyria disorders. People suffering from porphyria have symptoms that seem to have manifested from mythological vampires, such as such as sensitivity to light, fangs (due to receding gums), purple-colored urine (believed that drinking blood caused this), an aversion to garlic (due to chemicals that aggravate some symptoms) and an avoidance of mirrors (not wanting to see themselves) (Gueco, 2010). Even though there is no scientific evidence of actual vampires, there are some medical conditions that might result in vampire-like appearance or behavior. In reality, we know that the porphyrias are actually a group of heme synthesis disorders due to defective or deficient enzymes. This paper hopes to shed light on the disorders, to discuss the causes, the symptoms, the diagnosis and some treatments. Porphyria is the general name for a collection of eight disorders, and categorized as either acute or cutaneous. The acute disorders are Acute Intermittent Porphyria (AIP), Hereditary Coproporphyria (HCP), d-Aminolevulinic Acid Dehydratase Porphyria (ADP) and Variegate Porphyria (VP). These affect the nervous system and symptoms include abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, muscle weakness, seizures, fever, and…

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