Essay Symptoms And Treatment Of The Renal System

766 Words Nov 5th, 2015 4 Pages
sease The renal system is made up of the kidneys, ureters, and urethra. In addition to excreting out waste and excess water, the kidneys also produce erythorpoietin, renin and a form of vitamin D. Childhood renal diseases are categorized das either congenital or acquired. Congenital renal diseases such as Multicystic Kidney Disease, Polycystic Kidney Disease, Posterior urethral valve obstruction, and Fetal hydronephrosis can be detected during antenatal testing or postnatal examinations. Hydronephrosis is a sign of renal disease, in which the one or both kidneys retains fluid. Acquired renal diseases such as, nephritis, urinary tract infections and gallstones are often the result of an infection. Based on the age demographic of the case study patient, congenital renal diseases, diagnoses and treatments will be examined.
Case Study The patient is a Caucasian female less than one year of age. For the purposes of this case study, two renograms, both with Lasix, conducted within two months of each other will be referenced. At the time of the first scan, renogram 1, (Reno1) the patient was 4 months old with a history of hydronephrosis. A dose of 1.4 mCi Tc99m Mag 3 was administered intravenously, followed by 3.0 mg of Lasix 15 minutes later. During the second renogram, (Reno2) the patient was intravenously injected with 1.2 mCi Tc99m Mag 3, followed 17 minutes later with 5 mg of Lasix. Split function is noticed in both Reno1 and Reno2: 47.4% and 62% in left kidney and 52.6%…

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