Symptoms Of Schizophrenia Analysis

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In 1887, German psychiatrist, Emil Kraepelin first identified a mental illness named schizophrenia and Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist named the disorder in 1908. Schizophrenia is a class of severe mental disorders in which individuals interpret reality abnormally. The genetic disease affects how a person feels, thinks and behaves. The term schizophrenia means “split brain”, however it doesn’t necessary mean the individual has a spilt personality or two different minds. Schizophrenia is commonly associated with the following positive symptoms: hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking. The disorder also carries negative symptoms like apathy, social withdraw and impaired attention. Although there is no cure for schizophrenia, …show more content…
According to Piotrowski & Tischauser, “schizophrenia is a disorder characterized by disordered thinking and odd perceptions that cause dysfunction in major activities, sometimes including withdrawal from the world, delusions, and hallucinations” (Piotrowski & Tischauser, 2015). Positive symptoms are mental behaviors not generally seen in the average healthy people. People with positive symptoms unfortunately lose connection with the reality. The positive symptoms that the mental disorder carries include hallucination, delusion and disorganized thinking. Hallucination is a sensory perception or distortion that an individual experiences in the absence of a relevant external stimulus. Individuals with the disorder experiences things through taste, smell, feel and sight that do not exist. For instance, a hallucination is when individuals hear voices inside their own mind. Delusions is a belief in something that is clearly impossible and false, despite concrete evidence to the topic. The positive symptom indicates an abnormality in the affected person’s content of thought. Lastly, disorganized thinking is described as unusual ways of thinking. This type of thinking is when an individual has extreme difficulty organizing their thoughts or connecting them in a logic way. In addition, an individual with this positive symptom will make up words that have no meaning. …show more content…
The only way to manage schizophrenia is to treat its symptoms with antipsychotic drugs. Antipsychotic drugs are the most effective treatment tool in which help diminish symptoms like hallucinations and delusions. The combinations of medications are also most effective because it changes how chemicals are balanced in the brain. When treated with antipsychotic drugs, individuals show great improvement. However, the medication symptoms of the disorder spark severe negative side effects. The effects of many antipsychotic drugs include rapid heartbeat, sensitivity to the sun and blurred vision. The medication can also cause changes in an individual’s metabolism and significant gain in weight. Because of this major side effect, the chances of an individual getting diabetes and high cholesterol increases significantly. In terms of physical movement, antipsychotic medications can cause tremors, muscle spasms and abnormal stiffness of muscles. The topic of medication creates controversy because health professionals like doctors and pharmacist are giving and prescribing medication they know will negatively affect the patients’ health and cause more medical problems. Because of this controversy, it is extremely important for doctors and individuals with schizophrenia to choose the proper medication, dose of medication, and treatment

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