Symptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia Essay

1592 Words 7 Pages
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality. Common symptoms include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices, reduced social engagement and emotional expression, and a lack of motivation. Symptoms typically come on gradually, begin in young adulthood, and last a long time. Diagnosis is based on observed behavior and the person 's reported experiences. Schizophrenia does not imply a "split personality" or "multiple personality disorder" — a condition with which it is often confused in public perception.
The mainstay of treatment is antipsychotic medication along with counselling, job training, and social rehabilitation. It is unclear if typical or atypical antipsychotics are better. In those who do not improve with other antipsychotics, clozapine may be used.
About 0.3–0.7% of people are affected by schizophrenia during their lifetime. In 2013 there was estimated to be 23.6 million cases globally. Males are more often affected than females. The average life expectancy of people with the disorder is ten to twenty five years less than the average. This is the result of increased physical health problems and a higher suicide rate . In 2013 an estimated 16,000 people died from behavior related-to or caused by schizophrenia.
Individuals with schizophrenia may experience hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking and speech. The last may range from loss of train of thought,…

Related Documents