Parkinson Disease Pathophysiology

Superior Essays
In this essay will be discussing the Parkinson disease and its pathophysiology, the sign and symptoms, general and the experimental treatment, psychosocial implications, the progression and prognosis and how the nurses can help the patient to accept and live with their disease. Parkinson disease is the second most-prevalent neurological disorders of the brain, which affect 2 percent of the population over the age 65 and it, can be develop in younger adults but not often seen in children. It’s more common in males than females. Parkinson disease doesn’t cause anyone to die but the complications of the disease are serious (“National Parkinson Foundation”, 2016).

Parkinson disease is a chronic neurological disorder with unknown etiology. English
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Drug treatment is commonly used in managing the symptoms of Parkinson’s. The objective of the drug treatment is to increase the level of dopamine that extends the brain and stimulate the parts of the brain where the dopamine works. Each individual with Parkinson’s has different experiences of the condition. So, the doctor’s goal is to find the best treatment that suits to the patient. The Levodopa appears as the most successful to improve the quality of life of the patient with earlier Parkinson disease and with a high risk of long- term complications, following in that order are the MAO-B inhibitors and the dopamine agonists. The drug treatment may effective but it will be reviewed over time to ensure that the patients will receive the best combination as their condition progresses. As the disease progresses and the tremors more severe a surgical intervention therapy or deep brain stimulation (DBS) may be used to offer some relief if the disease doesn’t respond to drugs. The deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In deep brain stimulation therapy, they have to implant the electrodes to the brain and it will be connected to a small electrical device, which called the pulse generator and it can be programmed from the outside (“National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke …show more content…
It’s a progressive neurological disorder and has no diagnostic test. The diagnosis is based on clinical manifestation such as tremor, rigidity, postural instability, and slowness of movement. There is no cure for Parkinson but it can be managed by drug treatment and other therapies. Depression and anxiety can be normal reactions of being diagnose with Parkinson’s because it is part of the underlying disease process but if left untreated it can be worse and deadly. The patient, caregiver and family have to recognize the signs of depression and discuss it to the health professional so it can be treated. A nurse plays a vital role in helping the patient to cope with their disease through counseling, education and

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