Essay Symptoms And Treatment Of Leptospirosis

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Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, caused by the bacteria genus Leptospira, that can cause a variety of symptoms and which, untreated, may lead to meningitis, kidney damage, or even death (“Leptospirosis”). Leptospires, bacteria of the genus Leptospira, appear as tightly coiled spirals and achieve optimal growth at 28-30°C, thriving in warm and humid regions. However, because most tropical, humid countries are also developing counties, chances of exposure are greater in those areas (Levett). Prevalent in Ecuador, New Guinea, and Guyana (see Figure 1), each with over 100 cases per 100,000 people, leptospirosis is a growing afflication in many Latin American, African, and Asian countries. (Greenwood). While no governmental organizations exist to monitor leptospirosis exclusively, there are many programs and prevention protocols in place to monitor its progress and protect nation’ citizens.

II. Disease: description, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

The bacteria that causes leptospirosis resides in many animal reservoirs that often come in close contact with humans, including cattle, pigs, horses, dogs, rodents, and other wild animals (“Infection”). However, when infected, the animals may prove asymptomatic, and thereby continue to infect water, soil, and food with without rousing notice. Humans contract leptospirosis through contact with the urine or other bodily fluids (except saliva) of infected animals or through contact with water, soil, or food that has been…

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