Symptoms And Treatment Of Hypertension Essay

1486 Words 6 Pages
Hypertension is defined as systolic blood pressure of 140 mm Hg or above, or diastolic blood pressure of 90 mm Hg or above, or currently taking medication to lower blood pressure (Burt, Gu & Nwankwo, 2014). Hypertension is a chronic medical condition that affects an estimated 67 million American adults and causing about 348,000 American deaths (in 2009) with a total cost to the nation of $47.5 billion annually (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). African Americans develop hypertension more often, than whites and Hispanics at an earlier age. Globally, individual diagnosed or on treatment for hypertension is approximated to be as high as 55.5% (Magrin et al., 2014).
As a primary contributing factor for first stroke, first heart attack, kidney disease, and heart failure, normalizing blood pressure has several benefits to patients-improved health outcomes and lower healthcare costs (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014; Magrin et al., 2014). Management of hypertension includes pharmaceutical intervention and lifestyle modifications (i.e. regular physical exercise, quitting smoking, healthy diet, reduced sodium intake) (Magrin et al., 2014).
Non-adherence to antihypertensive management is a major reason for the suboptimal control of blood pressure and is reported to be so because hypertension is commonly asymptomatic prior to treatment (Magrin et al., 2014). As a future provider, it is paramount that I become aware of the factors that lead…

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