Gonorrhea Case Studies

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A sexually transmitted infection (STI) can be either bacterial or viral it is contracted most often through sexual activity. This essay will focus on gonorrhea, a bacterial STI but mainly on its causes, ways of transmission, the symptoms for both males and females, the way it is diagnosed and treated and effective prevention methods. (Rathus, Nevid, Fishner-Rathus, Mckay, 2016, p.356). Gonorrhea is a highly common bacterial STI it is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, it can only survive in warm and moist environment such as the urinary tract in both males and females as well as the cervix. Gonorrhea can be transmitted when an infected genital comes into direct contact with a mucus membrane, such as the mouth, rectum or vaginal …show more content…
A woman can also experience painful urination if the bacteria spreads to her urinary tract. However, for men the symptoms fade after a couple weeks, and it is dismissed as nothing of great importance. But, in fact it is if gonorrhea remains untreated, the bacteria could spread to a man’s reproductive organs, which could lead to epididymitis, and this could lead to future infertility issues. Moreover, for woman the situation is direr since about 80% do not show symptoms in the early stages of gonorrhea (pus-like discharge) since it affect not only her but her sexual partners as well because she continues to infect them. If it goes untreated the bacteria spreads throughout her reproductive organs and her abdominal cavity which could turns into pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and its symptoms are cramps, irregular menstrual cycles and pain during intercourse, but like gonorrhea it could be asymptomatic. If symptoms due occur, this would be when most women realize there is a problem and get check out but most of the damage has already been done, such as scarring and blockage of her fallopian tubes rendering her infertile. PIB also require extensive and aggressive treatments and sometimes invasive surgeries. Making this a very …show more content…
They are treated with antibiotics such as penicillin, but also ceftriaxone since the bacteria is becoming increasingly resistant to penicillin, if so it also treated with ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin. Since, gonorrhea and chlamydia go hand in hand at times, they are also treated for chlamydia but with another set antibiotics. Physician will also test the person’s sexual partner to avoid reoccurrence and spreading of the infection. (Rathus, et al, 2016,

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