Symptoms And Treatment Of Cerebral Palsy Essay

1598 Words May 15th, 2015 7 Pages
When you mention "muscles", most people think of weightlifters struggling to lift huge amounts over their head. With almost six hundred and fifty muscles in the human body, these groups of specialized tissue do much more than lift heavy things. (“Common Muscular Diseases”) Every movement--walking, speech, breathing, eating, and even the beating of your heart-- is controlled and supported by muscles. ("Zimmerman") There are many different kinds of muscular diseases, including cerebral palsy, ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), myopathies, muscular dystrophy, and alien hand syndrome. This paper will focus on these few muscular disorders, their symptoms, treatment, and prognosis.
The disease cerebral palsy (CP) is "a group of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement and muscle coordination". It is caused by injury to brain tissues or malfunctions inside the developing brain that interfere with control and coordination of movement. Cerebral palsy affects the cerebral cortex, which affects the motor area of the brain and affects muscular movement. Damage to this area of the brain is irreparable and resulting disabilities are permanent. (NINDS)
Signs and symptoms of CP usually occur within the first few months of life, with definitive diagnosis usually made after age two. These signs include developmental delays, abnormal or decreased muscle tone, or unusual posture are commonly seen in infants with CP. In some cases…

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