Symptoms And Treatment Of Bipolar Disorder Essay

2249 Words Aug 14th, 2016 null Page
Introduction
Explanation of Disorder Currently, it is estimated that 10% of people aged 18-24 years have bipolar disorder (Liebert, 2013). Bipolar disorders are similar to depressive disorders in many ways. Bipolar disorder is characterized by the fluctuation of manic and depressive episodes (Durand & Barlow, 2016). This disorder has been shown to have a genetic link, however, environmental factors may play a role in the cause. Certain life events, such as stress in relationships, can trigger bipolar episodes. Sleep disturbances also play a major role in bipolar disorders, with insomnia being a major trigger of manic episodes (Miklowitz & Alloy, 1999). A study performed by Johnston-Wilson et al. (2000) was conducted to determine potential causes of bipolar disorder. Protein analyses of subjects who had bipolar disorder were performed to determine which proteins were expressed in increased and decreased levels compared to individuals without this disorder. The results of the study showed that levels of dihydropyrimidinase related protein 2 (DRP-2) were significantly decreased in individuals with bipolar disorder. DRP-2 has shown to have a role in development in mammals. Absence of this protein in humans also leads to neurological impairment. Based on this information, the researchers hypothesized that a decrease in this protein could be partially responsible for the onset of bipolar disorder. Johnston-Wilson et al. (2000) also found increased levels of fructose…

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