Symptoms And Treatment Of Asthma Essay
Asthma has been reported to impact "over 300 million people globally" (Nuff, 2016, p. 68). There are "34 million people diagnosed in the United States" (Huether & McCance, 2012, p. 689). Additionally, over "30% of people with severe asthma are misdiagnosed" (Nuff, 2016, p. 68). Therefore, it is essential to understand how to recognize and differentiate between the pathogenic alterations of acute and chronic asthma to appropriately treat and prevent the progression of this condition. This paper will review the pathophysiology of both chronic and acute asthma. Additionally, the behavioral factor smoking will be examined and applied to the diagnosis and treatment.
Pathophysiology: Chronic Asthma
According to Huether and McCance (2012), chronic asthma is an obstructive lung disease that is a result of "inflammatory" responses in the "bronchial mucosa" (p. 689). Pathogenic alterations in the integrity of the alveoli are a result of repeated cellular "hyperresponsiveness, smooth muscle contraction, capillary permeability, and mucus production" (p. 689). Therefore, the cellular changes that occur in chronic asthma can become progressively worse and dependent on an individual 's ability to control these reactions. The level of which the interactions (inflammation) can be controlled can prevent permanent "remodeling" of the bronchial mucosa (Huether & McCance, 2012, p. 689). McPhee and Hammer (2010), referenced the mucosal progression as a fibrotic alteration.…