Essay on Symptoms And Symptoms Of Multiple Sclerosis

2320 Words Apr 4th, 2016 10 Pages
Introduction
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease that affects the nervous system. It is primarily an inflammatory disorder of the brain and spinal cord. People diagnosed with MS may have a variety of symptoms that can include: weakness, tremors, tingling, numbness, loss of balance, vision impairment, paralysis, impaired thinking, neuropathic pain, and bladder or bowel problems. Patients may also experience memory loss and depression. There is no current cure for MS, but there are promising interventions to assist those diagnosed lead a healthier, more productive life.
Definition
Nerves in the human body are coated with a protective covering called myelin. The myelin sheath on the nerve fibers speeds the transmission of impulses along the nerve, (see figure 1). MS causes progressive deterioration of the myelin which in turn makes the nerves function abnormally. An unpredictable disease of the central nervous system, MS can range from relatively benign to somewhat disabling to devastating, as communication between the brain and other parts of the body is disrupted (Murray, 2005). Some researchers believe MS to be an autoimmune disease. MS is recognized as the most common serious neurological disease in young adults and occurs in about 1 in 500 individuals of European ancestry living in temperate climates ("Multiple Sclerosis System of Care Procedures," 2009). There appears to be a complex interaction between a genetic predisposition and an environmental…

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