Essay about Symptoms And Symptoms Of A Patient

1192 Words 5 Pages
Carol is a 17-year-old patient who has been admitted to hospital. She has previously been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, and has been suffering from this since the age of 7. Carol is 6 weeks pregnant, and is showing signs of dehydration, high blood glucose, weight loss and changes in mood. It is important to understand the underlying cause of Carol’s symptoms to eliminate any problems in both her babies and her own health. This can be done through critically analysing the pathophysiology of her overall condition and her signs and symptoms. It is also important to understand any potential effects on the developing foetus in order to help prevent any complication during her pregnancy. Understanding the pathophysiology of both her condition and her symptoms is crucial. The development of Type 1 diabetes is the consequence of an on going destruction of the beta cells (β cells). This is due to an autoimmune process that happens during an asymptomatic period. This occurs in the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and can often be extended over many years. This results in the pancreas becoming unable to produce insulin, and the effected patient, like Carol, can no longer control their blood glucose without the aid of insulin injections.

How the beta cells build up autoimmunity is still unclear in science. Some evidence shows it is a combination of genetic and environmental factors such as genetic disposition, viruses, toxins, and diet (Yoon, Jun 2005 ). Overtime…

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