Breast Cancer Research Paper

Understanding Breast Cancer
Dianna M Reyes
Wichita State University Breast cancer is defined as the uncontrolled growth of breast cells. Cancer happens as a result of mutations, or abnormal changes, in the genes responsible for regulating the growth of cells and keeping them healthy. In a healthy individual, their bodies replace themselves. The new cells take over when the old cells die out. But in a patient with cancer, mutations occurred causing some genes to turn off and others to turn on in a cell. As a result, the cell now has the ability to keep dividing uncontrollably, producing more mutated cells which then causes a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Breast cancer refers to the malignant tumor that has developed from
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They’re different ways that physician do this. Some of them include a mammogram which is just an x-ray of the breast. Next, is an Ultrasound exam this procedure uses high-energy sound waves. The sound waves bounce off internal tissues and organs and make echoes. The echoes form a picture of body tissues called a sonogram. Finally, you can have a biopsy. A biopsy is the removal of cells or tissues so that they can be further examined. A biopsy can determine if the cancer cells are estrogen or progesterone positive, HER2/neu positive, or multigene. If the cancer cells are progesterone/estrogen positive than an anti-progesterone/estrogen medication is administered. These types of cancers have a tendency to grow more quickly. Now let’s pretend the cancer is HER2/neu positive in this case the cancer is more likely to spread to other parts of the body and grow more quickly. The cancer must be treated with drugs that target the HER2/neu protein. Finally, the multigene tests. These test may help predict whether cancer will spread to other parts of the body or …show more content…
Treatment for breast cancer if very personalized. A treatment that might have worked for your friend not might not be the best way to go for you. Why? Because breast cancer can be in different stages, Her2/neu positive, estrogen/progesterone positive, type of breast cancer, or how fast the tumor is growing. The five type of standard treatment that are used include: surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. It is important to know that some treatments for breast cancer can cause side effects months or years after treatment has

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