Classical Requiem: The Classical Era

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Classical Requiem – The first transformation
The symphonic requiem came into existence during the Classical period (1750-1830), an era which was also called the Age of Enlightenment. The time of Classicism differentiates from Baroque music in many aspects; new musical forms came up, a unique style of composing, the new modern orchestra got its shape and worked more detailed with its sound, as well as the evolution of the bel-canto singing technique. It is also significant to mention that performances moved from churches to concert halls and now the composers were reaching a broader audience compared the previous years. From a technical and aesthetic point of view, Classical music is more clear and understandable. All these changes did not leave
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Mozart’s requiem mass in D minor is scored for orchestra (2 basset horns in F, 2 bassoons, 2 trumpets in D, 3 trombones – alto, tenor and bass, timpani, violins I, II, viola and the basso continuo which was played by cello, double bass and organ) , soli (soprano, contralto, tenor and bass) and SATB mixed choir. Cherubini composed two settings, one in C minor and one in D minor. The C minor requiem is composed for only SATB mixed choir and orchestra (strings: violin I, II, viola, cello, double bass plus 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 French horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, timpani, and gong). Cherubini's second requiem mass in D minor is written for TTB male choir and orchestra to consist of strings (violin I, II, viola, cello, double bass) a piccolo, flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, and timpani. Cherubini did not use any vocal soloist in his settings; however the most requiems were written in this period are contained SATB soloists, such as the requiems by Johann Christian Bach, Joseph Leopold Eybler, Johann Michael Haydn, Anton Reicha, Antonio Salieri, Vaclav Jan Tomasek and

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