Survival Of The Fittest Analysis

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Introduction
‘Survival of the Fittest’ continues to be a confusing phrase, perhaps because it is often envisioned as individuals competing against individuals, where the fittest species collectively sends the other species to extinction.
In ‘The Origin of Species’, Charles Darwin uses the term ‘Natural Selection’ to describe the key evolutionary process. The phrase ‘Survival of the Fittest’, although typically attributed to Darwin, was introduced by Herbert Spencer and then adopted by Darwin in a later book. Darwin wrote:
“This preservation, during the battle for life, of varieties which possess any advantage in structure, constitution, or instinct, I have called Natural Selection; and Mr. Herbert Spencer has well expressed the same idea
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Although no perfect examples come to mind, the example of the Dodo, a flightless bird native to the island of Mauritius, is a somewhat familiar one. Mauritius was an uninhabited island when first settled by the Dutch in the early 17th century.(BBC News, Jonathan Fryer, 14 Sep 2002.) The Dodo had no natural enemies, and had not fear of humans or the rats that stow away in the holds of ships. Between over-hunting and predation by invasive species, it was extinct by 1681. (Ditto …show more content…
The many examples of animals that travel in groups, such as zebra (prey) and jackals (predator), are strongly suggestive of those animals with a tendency to form larger groups having a survival (reproductive) advantage over individuals. Did zebra begin to travel in herds for safety because their predators became pack hunters, able to collectively bring down a larger animal? Did changes in their environment eliminate smaller game, giving pack hunters and advantage over individuals? Species often evolve together and so their evolutionary paths are related, because other species are part of the

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