Surrealism In Picasso's Guernica By Pablo Picasso

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Picasso, also known as Pablo Picasso, was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, stage designer, poet, and playwright throughout the twentieth-century. During his career he geared more towards different types of Cubism, along with Surrealism. One of his most monumental paintings named “Guernica” combines both Analytic and Synthetic Cubist forms. It is said that this painting serves a political message towards Picasso’s powerful protest against the brutality of war. Dating to 1937, Pablo Picasso’s ‘Guernica’ was painted to depict the horrors of war. The title ‘Guernica’ refers to the city in which the Nazi’s bombed during the Spanish Civil War. In the painting you see many people as well as animals suffering in pain and fear. As a result of the horrors of war depicted in the painting, Picasso’s ‘Guernica’ has become an anti-war symbol.
Picasso’s painting “Guernica” has such a powerful meaning behind it because of its theme. The predominant theme is death and dying. Picasso’s lack of color used creates and enhances this theme. He chose to only use a tonal variation range of black to white. I love this
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This could have many different meanings depending on how you interpret it. Laurie Adams’s “A History of Western Art” describes the light as, “Another expression of hope, as well as of the light of reason, appears in the motif combining the shape of an eye with the sun’s rays and a light bulb just above the horse’s head” (486).Thus, the light is a form of hope according to the book. However, I think there could be a deeper and more diverse meaning. My first thought when I noticed the light bulb with rays of light was that it reminded me of a bomb. The rays coming off of what looks like an eye reminded me of an explosion that lit up the whole room with light. The light shining made the illusion to look as if it was the light that made everything else in the painting

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