First, due to its power of judicial review, it plays an essential role in ensuring that each branch of government recognizes the limits of its own power. Secondly, the high court protects the civil rights and liberties of the common American by striking down laws that violate the Constitution. The final major role of the Supreme Court is to appropriately monitor our government in such a way that popular majorities may not harm or take advantage of unpopular minorities.
For most of our history, the Supreme Court selection process was characterized by its insularity. Until the latter part of the twentieth century, most nominations almost involved exclusively the White House and the Senate. Public controversy over nominees rarely existed and the debate included a small number of insiders. The process of nominating Supreme Court justices manifested the cooperation of the three branches of American national government. The Constitution provides for presidential appointment power over “judges of the Supreme Court” with the “Advice and Consent” of the