Essay about Summary Report

600 Words Sep 29th, 2013 3 Pages
Anthropology – derived from the Greek word anthrope which means man; and logy which means science. -- it is a science that deals with the origins, physical and cultural development, social characteristics, social customs and beliefs of mankind. -- regarded as the “the science of man and his works.”

BRANCHES OF ANTHROPOLOGY 1. Physical Anthropology – deals with the origin and evolutionary process of man. 2. Cultural Anthropology – deals with the study of man’s behavior and how he carries out and adapts to the various activities of everyday life. * Archaeology – this deals with the study and analysis of ancient culture pertaining to prehistoric people, their dwelling, artifacts, inscriptions and movements. *
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* Dryopithensis – a group of fruit eating anthropoids who started venturing around the woods of Savanna 25 million years ago. * Bipedal Australopithecines – earliest hominids who appeared 4 million years ago. * Homohabilis * Homo erectus * Homo sapiens
1871 – Charles Darwin published his “the Descent of Man”.

Primates – two bones in the lower part of the leg and in the forearm, collarbone, flexible prehensile (grasping) hands, stereoscopic vision, a relatively large brain, long maturation of the young, and a degree of dependents on social life and learning.

DISTINCT CHARACTERISTIC OF HUMANS: * Bipedal; walks on two legs and uses the arms for locomotion * Brain is the biggest and more complex. * Human behavior is learned and culturally patterned. * Use of spoken, symbolic language and tools.

Homicides
-Hylobates
-Orangutans
-Gorillas
-Chimpanzees
Anthropoids
Platyrrhines (monkeys of the new world)
Catarrhines
Primates
Prosimeans
Cercopithecoids (Old World Monkeys)

THE EVOLUTION OF MAN Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebra Class: Mamalia Infraclass: Eutheria Order: Primata Suborder: Anthopoidea Superfamily: Hominidae Genus: Homo Species: Sapiens

* As ANIMALS, humans are composed of interconnected cells, distinct from plants and from single-celled organism * As CHORDATES, humans have

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