Summary: Explanation Of Traumatic Brain Injury

1447 Words 6 Pages
Anna Maria Terezi
Dr. Hancock
SPHR 2104W
November 11, 2014
Traumatic Brain Injury Explanation: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is an impairment that occurs when there is “a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain” (CDC - Traumatic Brain Injury - Injury Center). There are two major types of TBI, penetrating injuries and closed head injuries (Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)). Penetrating injuries are caused by physical objects actually entering the brain, breaking the skull. With closed head injuries, a blow to the head occurs; however, the skull remains intact. Traumatic brain injury causes damage to the brain as a result of swelling due to increased fluid, lack of oxygen, bruising of the brain, infection, intracranial pressure from tissue swelling, death of tissue from deprived blood supply, and focal bleeding. TBI is different from other injuries, because it not only affects a person physically, but it also affects a person’s
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The SLP’s role in intervention is to assess all aspects of communication, cognitive-communicative functioning, and swallowing (Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)). Along with helping design and implement treatment plans, the SLP also helps the patient find functional support, which is very useful in terms of independent living. Every brain injury is different from the next, therefore, it is crucial that SLPs remain flexible with their treatment plans. As a patient with TBI recovers, the progress is most definitely not steady. Those treating the patient must be aware that there will be times in which the patient will demonstrate great improvement, and long periods of time where no improvement will be shown. The person with TBI will also likely be difficult to deal with, being emotional, irritable and often having a low level of attention and willingness to be be

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