Suicide And Self-Harm

1510 Words 7 Pages
The video “Suicide and self-harm: Helping people at risk”, shows a middle age woman who is experiencing stress and anxiety because of an upcoming inspection at her place of employment and marital problems. The woman discloses to the clinician that she feels hopeless, is having suicidal thoughts, and has developed a plan to commit suicide. Unfortunately, there are many middle age to older adults who feel this way. Suicide rates in 2010, for adults 45-54 years of age, was the fourth leading cause of death (Choi, DiNitto, & Marti, 2015). It was the eighth leading cause of death for adults ranging from 55-60 years of age (Choi et al., 2015). According to Han, McKeon, Gfroerer (2014), it is important for clinicians to screen for suicide risk …show more content…
The Beck Hopelessness Scale was administered to patients with suicide ideation. Ten out of eleven patients eventually committed suicide after having scored high on the Beck Hopelessness Scale (Huen et al., 2015). Barry mentioned to the teacher that the inspection may not turn out the way she thinks it will. According to Huen et al. (2015), hope can be used to lower the risk of suicide and reduce despair. Barry was trying to minimize the teacher’s anxiety about the inspection by telling her that she may pass the inspection. I liked how Barry asked questions to find out about the teacher’s support system. In this scenario the teacher did not have a good relationship with her husband, but she did have a good relationship with her mother and a sister named Janet. The teacher did express that she felt as though the only time she talks to her sister Janet is when she calls to moan about her problems. Joiner’s Interpersonal-psychological theory suggests a client is susceptible to suicide ideation when their self-preservation is disrupted. The client may feel they have become a burden on others and no longer sees themselves as productive members of society (Peak, Overholser, Ridley, et al., 2015). The suicidal person believes other people in their life, would be better off if they were not around. This thought was expressed by the …show more content…
According to Prochaska’s trans-theoretical model of change, a person may go through various stages of change (Hoy et al., 2016). Hoy et al. (2016), lists these changes as pre- contemplation, contemplation, planning, action, and maintenance of a given behavior. Hoy et al. (2016) lists the different levels for suicide risk as no risk, low risk, moderate risk, and high risk. A study using 42 individuals who were suicidal showed their progression through the stages of change. Initially they may not have considered suicide when dealing with health issues, financial or relationship problems. This begins to change to thinking about committing suicide when they reject other ways to solve their problems. A person may go through various stages of change more than once while building the skills needed to successfully make changes. If they fail to build the skills necessary for change, they may formulate a suicide plan (Hoy et al., 2016). There have been many different studies done on Motivational interviewing over the years. Presently, brief interventions are adapted to help a person pass through each stage of change and toward a desired behavior (Hoy et al., 2016). Scaling may be used to express the clients desire to change behavior. The client is asked to rate how important it is to change a certain behavior on a scale from 1 through 10. The clinician will

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