Essay on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome ( Sids )

1687 Words Nov 12th, 2016 7 Pages
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) refers to the unforeseen and sudden death of a infant who is less than year with the autopsy, review of clinical history and death scene investigation failing to indicate any reasonable cause of death. Toddlers are often at the highest risk of SIDS when sleeping, and SIDS is sometimes known as cot or crib death (Hunt, 2007). The underlying cause of SIDS is a mystery although research has identified a number of characteristics and trends linked to the syndrome. SIDS is one of the prevalent causes of death in infants aged between one to 12 months, with most SIDS deaths occurring when infants are 2-4 months old. In the United States, each year, at least 4,500 babies die unexpectedly without any apparent cause (Lavezzi, Corna M, & Matturri, 2010). 50 percent of the Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths are attributed to SIDS, which is the leading cause of all deaths and SUID among children of 1-12 months. Some of the notable characteristics associated with SIDS include the unbalanced affliction of male babies and the fact that, caregivers are not knowledgeable of the impending risk of death that faces babies following 24 hours after birth (Maggio, Schäppi, Benkebil, Posfay-Barbe, & Belli, 2006).

There are several hypotheses and risk factors that have been suggested as causes of SIDS. For instance, it has been hypothesized that exposure of babies to tobacco smoke and sleeping prone are at a higher risk of SIDS than babies who are not exposed to the…

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