Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and Highest Death Rate Essay

1781 Words Oct 3rd, 2013 8 Pages
Abstract

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, also known as SIDS, is the leading cause of death in children under the age of one (Kaneshiro & Zieve, 2009). There is no underlying cause that an infant is at risk of SIDS, but there are many theories being tested to help determine if a child may be at risk. “Many doctors and researchers now believe that SIDS is not a single condition that is always caused by the same medical problems, but infant death caused by several different factors (Kaneshiro & Zieve, 2009).” Along with the research being done to determine risk factors for SIDS, there are other studies being conducted to help in the prevention of SIDS. This will possibly allow families and medical professionals to spot warning sign
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Another theory shows leading evidence that having a child vaccinated could possibly cause SIDS. The timing of which an infant begins his or her primary course of vaccinations coincides with higher incidences of SIDS. However, recent studies such as the Institute of Medicine, Vaccine Safety Datalink and Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System confirmed that there was not enough evidence to prove a connection between vaccines and SIDS (Swierzewski, 2008).
Researchers believe they have found a possible lead in regards to brain abnormalities and SIDS. “Some doctors theorize that SIDS babies may have a defect in the arcuate nucleus, which is the area of the brain that regulates blood pressure, breathing, and body temperature, along with sleeping and waking processes (Swierzewski, 2008)”. “This defect appears to affect serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter that spreads messages between the brain and nerve cells (Swarezewski, 2008)”. “Researchers discovered that SIDS babies often had problems with the way serotonin functioned in their brains (Swarezewski, 2008)”. “If a baby without this defect breathes stale air while sleeping, automatic reactions triggers the baby to move or to wake up and cry, increasing oxygen intake and adjusting the heart rate (Swarezewski, 2008)”. “However, a baby born with this brain defect is not able to respond to the trigger because the message concerning the stale air is not being transmitted properly,

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