Essay on Success Of The Muslim Brotherhood

1532 Words Dec 11th, 2015 7 Pages
Success of the Muslim Brotherhood in the 1989 elections had prompted King Hussein to replace Jordan’s Bloc-Voting Electoral System into the Single Non-Transferable Vote System, also known as the One Man, One Vote electoral law. In a country where allegiances are based on tribes and clans, the electoral law change was seen as controversial because it forced voters to choose between tribal loyalty and political party. Critics of the One Man, One Vote electoral law believe it hinders Islamist political parties since ideology comes second to tribal associations. First used in the 1989 elections, the Bloc-Voting System allowed voters the opportunity to cast as many votes as parliamentary seats allocated within their districts. Based on the 1986 Law Of Election To The House Of Deputies, on Election Day “the voter shall write the names of the Candidates he wishes to elect on the Ballot Paper … and shall return to the Ballot Box to deposit the Ballot Paper therein.” Providing voters the option to vote for multiple candidates in a single district was supposed to prevent clashes within Jordanian society, given that the unlimited vote mitigated the need for individuals to choose between patronage and a representative that resembles their ideological viewpoint. Not only did the Muslim Brotherhood “energetically constructed electoral coalitions with community leaders in several constituencies”, but also the Islamist movement was given “the opportunity to win more seats than the size of…

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