Substance In Aristophie's World

1177 Words 5 Pages
Aristotle was a student at Plato 's Academy. He became a great biologist. In fact, in Sophie’s World, Alberto Knox defined Aristotle as ". . . Europe 's first great biologist" (Gaarder 105). Philosophically, Aristotle was preoccupied with changes in natural processes. Additionally, Aristotle used the combination of senses and reason when conducting his philosophical studies. Alberto Knox identified, "He was the great organizer who founded and classified the various sciences" (Gaarder 106). This part of Aristotle’s work might have taken some research but it definitely used both senses and reason. One of Aristotle 's main ideas was the theory of ideas which challenged Plato 's theory of ideas. In the philosophical novel, Sophie’s World, Jostein …show more content…
“Form” is the word Aristote used to describe the specific traits that make an actual being itself. In Sophie’s World, Jostein Gaarder identified, “‘Substance’ always contains the potentiality to realize a specific ‘form’. . . Every change in nature, according to Aristotle, is a transformation of substance from the ‘potential’ to the ‘actual’” (108). Substance and form display two totally different things although they form reality together. “Form” ultimately only exists in a living …show more content…
“According to Aristotle, nonliving things can only change through external influence. Only living things have the potential for change” (Gaarder 113). He differentiated between living and nonliving things because living things could grow, and gain nutrients. Aristotle went on to divide the category of living things into plants and creatures. He then divided the subcategory of creatures into animals and humans; he divided humans in their own category because he believed only humans have the ability to think. In Sophie’s World, Jostein Gaarder informed, “Man grows and absorbs nourishment like plants, he has feelings and the ability to move like animals, but he also has a specific characteristic peculiar to humans, and that is the ability to think rationally” (113). Additionally, Aristotle believed that there must be a God. God was the one who started events in the natural

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