Essay on Substance And Substance Of Substance Abuse

2242 Words Nov 8th, 2016 9 Pages
Substance abuse has progressively become a growing epidemic in the United States, with an average of 23.5 million Americans addicted to alcohol and other drugs (Together,Join, 2010). This is estimated to one in every 10 Americans, ages 12 and over who are struggling with addiction. Among those affected by alcohol and substance related dependencies are pregnant women with nicotine addiction.
Over the years there have been countless studies and breakthroughs on the substance of nicotine, pregnant women and their nicotine consumption. This paper will focus on the substance and population, as well as the short and long term physical effects it may have on both the individual and child. While it is crucial to understand what nicotine is and what it does to a woman during pregnancy, it is also important to recognize the risk and protective factors, in conjunction with the addiction and how it can be treated.
Substance
First, to fully comprehend the relationship between the user and the substance, in this case, the pregnant woman and nicotine, the substance must be examined and understood. Nicotine is a chemical compound called alkaloid that consists of a colorless or yellowish oil that acts as the main ingredient in tobacco (Mandal, 2014). Tobacco is a plant of the nightshade family and is grown in warmer climates mainly in the U.S and China and harvested for its leaves. Once the leaves have been dried out or fermented, they are prepared and readied for human consumption.
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