Substance Abuse And Juvenile Justice System

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Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes. Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse is a pattern use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others. Also, it is a form of substance related disorder. Some of the drug abuse are used in public health, medical and criminal justice contexts. Moving forward, in some criminal cases or anti –social behavior happens when people are under the influence of a drug which have long term personality changes in individuals. In addition, using substances doesn’t only lead to physical, social, psychological harm, but it can equally lead to criminal penalties. Drugs that …show more content…
Also, further references were found after reviewing the following articles and textbook chapters: DE Prato and Hammer, 2002; Steiner and Redlich, 2002; Lubit and Billick, 2003; O’Shaughnessy, 2003; and Wizner, 2003. Governmental publications, including those of the U.S. Department of Justice, were also reviewed adults. Moving forward, the modern juvenile justice system are different from the adult justice system in three important ways, first is the importance of rehabilitation, secondly, a focus on the best interests of the juvenile, and finally, the degree of judicial latitude. For the start, rehabilitation is the ideal goal of the juvenile justice system. It is manifest in terms of a degree of judicial paternalism that utilizes probation or indeterminate sentencing as adjudications contingent on the juvenile’s progress. Also, the attention to the best interests of the adolescent. Nonetheless, courts and procedure in the juvenile justice system are less structured than in the adult system. In addition, juvenile courts do not use the term conviction, but rather the word adjudication. Also, the cases are sealed, and they have minimal to no relevance in future justice proceedings. During the juvenile adjudication cases, the hearings are closed to the public, records are confidential, and the entire matter proceeds in a civil, not criminal,

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