Sub-Saharan Africa Case Study

819 Words 4 Pages
Through the past few decades, the situation in Sub-Saharan Africa did not look promising. Poverty, hunger, corruption, armed conflicts between individual countries, internal ethnic fighting, coups, epidemics, AIDS, malaria and other diseases, underdevelopment, inflation and foreign debt - are just some of the massive problems that the people of the African Continent have to cope with every day. With the beginning of the twenty-first century, Sub-Saharan Africa managed to improve its GDP from 367 billion dollars in 2000 to 1.756 trillion in 2014 (data.worldbank.org). Even though for Sub-Saharan Africa managed to vastly develop during the past few years, the continent still needs a lot of work and progress in order to catch up to other Western …show more content…
Before we can think about any serious development projects, we have to take care of the basic needs first – which in this case is the clean drinking water. There are limited surface sources available to supply drinking water to the population of Sub-Saharan Africa. In fact, most of the existing ones are a major cause of diseases and parasites developing in the human body. Groundwater is the best resource to supply drinking water to the population of Sub-Saharan Africa. Such undertaking, however, is very costly. Moreover, the technical challenges associated with drilling for water make it even harder to supply the liquid, particularly in the rural areas. Additionally, it is very important to frequently monitor the groundwater, since it could be contaminated with heavy metals or the bacteria from contaminated wells. Even though the project seems to be very costly and hard to implement, it is necessary to provide clean water to the population of Sub-Saharan Africa. The first step could be the vocation of ministry of water. Such institution could use the money coming from foreign aid and from its own budget to correctly monitor the investment of creating a high-end artesian wells in the territory of Sub-Saharan Africa. The ministry would be responsible for creating the whole industry specializing in obtaining water. The main projects would be, setting up artesian wells, …show more content…
The revolution consists of producing high-yielding varieties of crops such as wheat and rice. Through adoption of new agriculture technologies Norman Borlaug was able to produce highly efficient wheat. Its dissemination - mainly in Mexico, India and Pakistan contributed to reducing cereals shortage in these countries. Research shows that Africa needs to increase food production by 300 per cent, in order to feed all its residents by the end of 2050. Although Africa has 12 percent of the arable land of the world, it will not be able to feed its citizens for a long time. In order for Sub-Saharan Africa to substantially reduce its poverty, the region needs to go through significant changes in its agriculture. Adapting the high-yielding varieties of crops along with the proper irrigation of fields, could provide the necessary standards for adequate living conditions. If the region would be able to enhance its agriculture, it would be possible for population of Sub-Saharan Africa to become self-sufficient, at the same time becoming less dependent on the foreign aid. Moreover, potential surplus of crops could be used for international

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