Study Guide Essay

685 Words Jun 7th, 2015 3 Pages
Week 1 Knowledge Check Study Guide
Concepts

Mastery

Score: 9 / 9

Questions

Cognitive Biases

100%

1

Two Kinds of Arguments

100%

4

Ifâ¦then⦠Sentences

100%

5

Inductive Arguments

100%

6

Define Critical Thinking

100%

7

Arguments

100%

9

2

3

8

Concept: Cognitive Biases
Mastery

1.

100%

Questions

1

2

3

The bandwagon effect is a common bias, which refers to

A.

the tendency to one’s thinking with the underdog

B.

the tendency to one’s thinking with a negative advertisement C.

the tendency to one’s thinking with cognitive dissonance

D.

an unconscious tendency to one’s thinking with that of other people

Correct:
The Correct
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does not prove or demonstrate its conclusion

B.

proves or demonstrates its conclusion

C.

supports the conclusion

4

D.

does not support the conclusion

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: B.
The premise of a good deductive argument, if true, proves or demonstrates its conclusion. Concept: Ifâ¦then⦠Sentences
Mastery

100%

Questions

5.
If we know that an argument is weak, then we know that the conclusion

A.

is false

B.

is true

C.

may or may not be true

5

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: C.
If an argument is weak, the conclusion may or may not be valid.

Concept: Inductive Arguments
Mastery

100%

Questions

6

6.
“The ensemble played an encore at last year’s concert, and I’m pretty sure they played one the year before as well. So they will most likely play an encore at this year’s concert.”
This argument is best taken as

A.

inductive

B.

deductive

C.

simplistic

D.

argumentative

Correct:
The Correct Answer is: A.
“The premises of good inductive arguments don’t demonstrate their conclusion; they support them” (Moore & Parker, 2013, p. 40).

Concept: Define Critical Thinking
Mastery

100%

Questions

7

8

7.
Critical thinking involves

A.

blindly acting or reacting

B.

making wise decisions and coming to correct conclusions

C.

basing decisions on emotion or greed

D.

basing decisions on intuition or a gut feeling

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