Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods

1200 Words Sep 26th, 2012 5 Pages
Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods

Abstract

The different types of student-centered learning methods are described and compared to teacher-centered approaches. Different studies were researched with mixed results. Student-centered methods, when applied to secondary education students and above, provide social and emotional value to the students and improve reasoning and creative ability. Teacher-centered methods work best in the primary grades and with students faced with low SES.

Student-Centered Learning Methods vs. Teacher-Centered Learning Methods

All educators in America would agree with what is considered to be the most
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Which learning method best supports these objectives? Is it possible both methods have a proper place in today’s school system? First, let’s take a look at exactly what encompasses each learning method. Teacher-centered approaches provide a more traditional method of learning. In an article entitled “Instruction Paradigms” by Mayflor Markusic, teacher-centered instruction is described in the following ways. In the teacher-centered environment, the teacher is the primary source of knowledge and students acquire their knowledge passively through lectures, textbooks and presentations. When using the teacher-centered approach there are only two answers to problems; right or wrong. Formal assessments are made and students are graded and compared with their peers, in order to interpret their progress (Markusic). In contrast, Markusic describes student-centered methods in the following ways. In student-centered learning, the activity is shifted from the teachers to the students. Sources of knowledge are the combined efforts of students and teachers. Students actively involve themselves when seeking out knowledge and its meaningfulness by addressing real life issues and problems. During assessment, correct answers are not as important as creating better questions and the results of tests are compared individually and used to discover difficulties with the material (Markusic). There are several types of

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