Stromboli, Piton De La Krakatoa

Decent Essays
There is something about volcanoes that genuinely terrifies people all around the world. Though the dangerous landforms have the power to destroy a civilization and force many to restart their lives over, many only know what they see. Do volcanoes have the power to cause destruction, terror, and earthquakes? Yes, but these landforms do so much more than that. Volcanoes have the power to create new landforms, fertilize soil, create minerals and stones, and contribute to global cooling. Stromboli, Piton de la Fournaise, and Krakatoa, three famous volcanoes, are located around the world and actually hold a great significance. Each volcano has its own characteristics and provides its geographical location with many advances. Because volcanoes bare …show more content…
This volcano has many special characteristics and is famously known across the globe. Stromboli is known to be a stratovolcano. According to the Department of Geosciences at Oregon State, stratovolcanoes tend to be made up of two components, one being pyroclastic material and one being lava. Imperial College of London defines these types of volcanoes as steep-sided volcanic edifices consisting of pyroclastic material and lava flow that dip away from central vents and mostly consist of characteristic of intermediate magmas. Therefore, because Stromboli is such a powerful volcano, many may believe that it is highly dangerous. “Stromboli is one of the most active volcanoes on Earth and has been erupting almost continuously since 1932” (Ball). Because of its constant eruptions, there have been movies featuring the great volcano and novels written about its eruptions. Stromboli, directed by Robert Rossellini and featured Ingrid Bergman, focused on the life of prisoners and citizens that resided on the Island. The nightmare in the movie depicts what it has been like since the eruption in the early 1930’s. Stromboli has been constantly erupting, producing flows of lava at a time that eventually melt by flowing into the surrounding sea. Unfortunately, the reason for Stromboli maintaining constant eruptions is unknown. Jessica Ball, a graduate student from the Department of Geology …show more content…
John Seach claims this volcano to be one of the most active volcanoes in the entire world. The geographical features for the Piton de la Fournaise are quite unique. “A nested caldera has been created by two large eruptions. The summit consists of two craters, the older Cratere Bory and the active Cratere Dolomieu” (Seach). The Piton de la Fournaise is now known for having two main vents which was formed when a fissure forced open the crater floor. The craters that have constructed this volcano are not steep at all, which is one of the reasons why the Piton de la Fournaise is considered to be a shield volcano. The Department of Geosciences at Oregon State defines shield volcanoes as the largest type of volcanoes consisting of mostly basalts in its lava flow. The Department also states “Shield volcanoes are the common product of hotspot volcanism but they can also be found along subduction-related volcanic arcs or all by themselves” (The Department of Geosciences at Oregon State). The Piton de la Fournaise has many distinctive characteristics that have constructed the volcano into what it is today. Not only does this shield volcano posses moderate craters, but the volcano is considered to be a twin. Piton de la Fournaise shares Reunion Island with volcano Piton des Neiges. The Department of Geosciences at Oregon State states “The island of

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