Stress And Coping Case Study

Dan is an individual suffering from low self esteem and anxiety. While, this personal baggage has been with him for most of his life, it has recently heightened with the loss of his job. Dan’s main anxieties lie with the uncertainty of the wellbeing of his family now that his income is gone. His consistent self blaming has led to a neglection of his own basic needs such as eating and sleeping. As a social worker in a professional role, I will approach Dan’s situation using the ‘Humanistic perspective of personality’ and also the topic of ‘Stress and Coping.’ An appropriate response shall be made using key ideas from each of the psychological topics.

The personality is a unique set of traits, as the deposition to behave in a certain way. Exhibited
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There are two main forms of stress. When threatening events have a clear end point, these are Acute stressors. If a threatening event is long term or has an unclear time frame it is a Chronic stressor. These sources of stress can form from Frustration, Change, Pressure and Internal Conflict (Weiten, Hammer, Dunn, 2011). Humans cope through stress in Emotional, Physiological and Behavioural efforts. Emotional responses are generally negative and if strong enough can hamper our ability to cope with stress. Physiological are physical responses to a situation including arousal and hormone changes. Behavioural Responses are our coping efforts and can be both positive or negative methods. Specifically, negative coping patterns include giving up, acting aggressively, indulging ,blaming youself or using defensive coping. The way we cope with stress will affect our physical and mental health. If the individuals efforts to deal with stress is unhealthy, it will affect their emotions, ability to perform tasks adequatley or engage in cognitive thinking. Negative coping methods can also create psychological problems and disorders and become catalysts to physical illnesses and …show more content…
Dan is victim to Chronic stress, his situation is threatening and has no clear time frame or ending. This stress has formed over a period of time due to Pressure and Changes. Dan feels like he has failed to meet the societal expectations and demands of being a husband and a father. This pressure comes from him being unable to provide for his family, paying bills and fulfillment of being a father. Dan’s stress is also sourced from life changes , his redundancy means he has lost financial security and a critical part of his lifestyle. The most obvious coping pattern Dan is using is blaming himself. He is overly pessimistic about the future, and has given up to anxiety and his low self-esteem. This ‘catastrophic thinking’ means he contributes all his misfortunes to himself (Abrams & Ellis, 1994) .This negativity affects him in a number of ways. Self blame has created psychological disorders in Dan’s situation including Anxiety and Depression. Being unable to eat and sleep is also a result of Dan’s stress and may affect his physical health. Burnout or extreme exhaustion is also identified as a result of occupational stress ( Maslach & Leiter, 2007). This also takes a toll on Dan’s physical and mental health and may be feeding his anxiety. However, Dan has not entirely given up and has dealt with his stress in one positive way. He has recognized his

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