Street Hawking Case Study

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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
Over the years, the pursuit for good living by many underprivileged Ghanaian youth in our societies has resulted in an increasing menace of street hawking. Street hawking is the act of selling retail goods directly on busy streets in a city/town, and is a major phenomenon in developing countries around the world. According to the Oxford dictionary, a hawker is a person who travels about selling goods, typically advertising them by shouting. Street hawking, also known as street vending is a countrywide phenomenon in Ghana.
According Owusu and Abrokwah, differences in economic activities between regions causes people from less endowed regions moving to region with massive economic activities in search for jobs. The regional differences in economic activities between cities in Africa have made these cities become centers for economic opportunities and personal fulfillment, hence any rural dweller who seeks to better his/her life, immediately thinks of moving to the city.
This brings about increase rural-urban migration. The problems associated with rural-urban migration,
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Over 80% of respondents had also experienced different health conditions since they commenced hawking. These included headache, musculoskeletal pains in different parts of the body, sunburns, fever and weakness. Furthermore, owing to the reality of street hawking having no social security protection, the activity attracts marauding gangs of criminals to hawkers since they are seen as easy targets. In spite of the benefits of street food trade, Johnson and Ihesie (2015) cautioned that these children undergo long hours of trekking covering far distances, often with no food or

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