Essay on Stratification And The Middle Class

1431 Words Apr 25th, 2016 null Page
In today’s society most people fall into an achieved status. That is, we work a regular full-time job while some work overtime and others double up on jobs to attain a certain social class and a desirable income. The book states that there are different types of stratification: slavery, castes, estates, and social classes. Within the social classes of stratification, there are also other obstacles of achieving the preferred ranking: income, occupation, bureaucratic authority, educational attainment, social networks, and political connections. “Stratification shapes individual opportunity based on the layer or stratum that one occupies in the system” (Witt 2015, p. 238). Ways that stratification influences a person’s life is the strive for a better employment opportunity, a chance at having an education, and a chance at equality, which ultimately will lead to a healthier and happier life.
Most of us see ourselves as the working or the middle class. Actually, according to What is Middle Class in America, about 41% of Americans see themselves as the middle class. This group consists of mainly white, suburban college graduates that make $40,000 - $75,000 a year. While the working class/poor only make up about 38% of non-whites, who are between the ages of 18-34 and only one third of this group does not have any education past high school. Furthermore, only about 3% of people label themselves as “well to do” and 17% consider themselves to be upper middle class. This is only 20%…

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