Story Of Ismaili Daʿwa

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Historical sources indicate that the embryo of came to be termed as the Ismaili daʿwa began to take shape during the imamate of al-Ṣādiq.
Imam Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (114-48/733-65), as well as the succeeding Ismaili imams, lived in a very difficult time. The ʿAbbāsid caliph al-Dawānīqī and his successors were very hostile towards al-Ṣādiq and his household. After the death of al-Ṣādiq, the Ismaili imams lived in hiding. Among them, the life of Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl remains very obscure. Certain early sources, which were written by the anti-Ismaili polemicists, confuse the identity of Muḥammad with a certain non-ʿAlid by the name of ʿAbd Allāh ibn Maymūn al-Qaddāḥ, a follower of al-Khaṭṭāb who is believed to have developed extremist Shīʿa beliefs. It is this
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However, it is now clearly established that the story of al-Qaddāḥ and his connection with the Ismaili interpretation of Islam was a fabrication by Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī ibn Rizām (or Razzām) al-Ṭāʾī al-Kūfī, whom Farhad Daftary describes as a Sunni polemicist, and who lived during the first half of the fourth/tenth century in Baghdad, as well as another polemicist by the name of Sharīf Abū al-Ḥusaīn Muḥammad ibn ʿAlī from Damascus, better known as Akhū …show more content…
The works of these and other anti-Ismaili polemicists contributed to what is now known as the ‘black legend’. Modern scholarship, particularly the work of Wladimir Ivanow as well as Louis Massignon, Muḥammad

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