Stigma Experience Analysis

1631 Words 7 Pages
Analyses revealed four interrelated themes surrounding stigma experienced by PWMD: (1) the context affecting stigma experience, (2) stigma experience, (3) impact modifiers of stigma experience, and (4) consequences of stigma experience. Figure 1 shows the relationship among the themes.

3.1. Context affecting stigma experience We identified contextual categories which changed how others treated PWMD in either positive or negative ways. Stigma experience was embedded in broad social structure of limited mental health care resource which was found to have a negative effect on how people perceive PWMD. The participants criticized that health care for the mentally ill has not yet been decentralized in the country and the in-patient care for
…show more content…
First, beliefs on causes of a mental disorder affected the stigma experience. The participants held a wide range of belief on causes from biological (e.g. virus infection), psychological (e.g. thinking too much), social (e.g. loss of loved one), to supernatural (e.g. bad spirit) causes. Among them, heredity was related to a positive acceptance of a mental illness. To the participants, being caused by heredity meant “it is not our intention to have this kind of illness in our family” and that is why PWMD and their family were not blamed, hence would not be badly treated. On the other hand, the participants expressed that the belief that family blood caused mental disorder was unacceptable and highly insulting. A man with mental disorder reported that the statement by his neighbour, “you are having mental illness in your family blood”, made him furious and he got into a …show more content…
For example, the illness course of repetitive relapse and remission were often misunderstood. When people try to understand what PWMD are experiencing, they apply an acute illness model and expect a mental disorder to resolve in a short term. However, as the symptoms of the mental disorder prolonged and went back and forth, they start to mistrust what PWMD were saying and as a result PWMD did not gain any empathy and appropriate support. A man who had a sick leave from his job due to his sleeping problem described his supervisors’ reaction to his another sick-leave request as

Related Documents